SI.No 
Topics 
No. of Classes 
1 
Course introduction 
1 
2 
Negative feedback systems and stability 
10 

Negative feedback amplifier using an integrator; Frequency and time domain behavior; Loop gain and its implications; Negative feedback amplifier realization; Finite DC gain; Increasing DC gain; Effect of multiple poles; Negative feedback systems with multiple poles and zeros in the forward path; Stability analysis using Nyquist criterion; Nyquist criterion; Loop gainBode plot and time domain interpretation; Significance of 60 degree phase margin 

3 
Opamp at the block level; Frequency compensation 
7 

Concept of the opamp for realizing negative feedback circuits; Realizing a multi stage opampfrequency compensationmiller opamp; Realizing a multi stage opamp; feedforward compensated opamp; Opamp as a general block; unity gain compensation; nonidealitiesswing limits, slew rate, offset; dc negative feedback around opamps 

4 
Opamp amplifiers 
1 

Amplifiers using Miller compensated opamp; Effect of input capacitance; gain bandwidth product; Transimpedance amplifier; leadlag compensation; Inverting and noninverting amplifiersCMRR and its importance 

5 
Components available on an IC 
4 

IC components and their models; Mismatch; Layout considerations 

6 
Noise in resistors and MOS transistors 
3 

Noise models; Noise calculations; Noise scaling 

7 
Review of basic amplifier stages 
1.5 

Body effect in basic amplifier stages; Frequency response of a common source amplifier 

8 
Single ended opamp design 
10.5 

Realizing a single stage opampdiff pair; small signal ac analysis; Single stage opampmismatch and noise; Single stage opamptelescopic cascode; Replica biasing a cascode; Single stage opampfolded cascode; Two stage miller compensated opamp; Three stage opamp; CMRR of an opamp and opamp circuits 

9 
Fully differential opamp design 
5 

Fully differential opamps; Differential and common mode half circuits; common mode feedback; Fully differential miller compensated opampcommon mode feedback loop and its stability; Fully differential single stage opamp; Fully differential telescopic cascode opamp; Fully differential feedforward compensated opamp 

10 
Phase locked loop 
8 

Frequency multiplierPhase locked loop; Lock range limitations; type II loop; Jitter & Phase noise; Continuous time approximation; PLL transfer functions; Reference feedthrough spurs; LC oscillators 

11 
Reference voltage and current generators 
2.5 

Bandgap reference; Bandgap reference; Constant current and constant gm bias generators 

12 
Low dropout regulators 
1.5 

Low dropout regulators; Basic requirements and constraints 

13 
Continuous time filters 
2 

Active RC filters using integrators 

14 
Switched capacitor filters 
1 

Switched capacitor filters using the bilinear transformation 

15 
Circuit simulators 
2 

Basic analyses; Simulating loop gain 

Total No. of Classes 
60 