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Course Co-ordinated by IIT Guwahati
Dr. Sougata Karmakar
IIT Guwahati


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It is well known that knowledge of ‘Ergonomics/ Human Factors Engineering’ is of utmost necessity for any product, facility and workplace design to achieve optimal man-machine compatibility in terms of physical, cognitive and environmental factors. While ergonomics evaluation using physical mockups and prototype with real human trials is tiresome, time-consuming, and costly; virtual ergonomics evaluation using CAD model of human and products/facilities is extremely beneficial to get rid of all these issues. The course ‘Digital Human Modeling and Simulation for Virtual Ergonomics’ deals not only with the basics of Ergonomics but also covers the all the relevant topics related to virtual ergonomics evaluation techniques including its advantages and limitations.




Introduction to ergonomics


Use of percentile anthropometric and biomechanical data for product/ facility design


Virtual ergonomics and its advantages


Introduction of digital human modeling (DHM) and simulation


Techniques/process of virtual ergonomics evaluation using DHMs


Techniques/process of virtual ergonomics evaluation using DHMs


Application of digital human modeling and simulation in various industrial sectors


Future research avenues and steps to be taken towards widespread use of DHMs in industrial sectors and research organizations of developing countries

Knowledge and expertise in using CAD software for 3D modeling

  1. Badler, N., 1993. Computer Graphics Animation and Control, in Simulating Humans. New York: Oxford University Press.
  2. Chaffin, D.B., 2001. Digital Human Modeling for Vehicle and Workplace Design. Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  3. Duffy V.G., 2010. Advances in Applied Digital Human Modeling. CRC Press, USA.
  4. Duffy V.G., 2009. Hand book of digital human modeling: Research for Applied Ergonomics and Human Factor Engineering. London: Taylor & Francis.
  5. Duffy V.G., 2015. Digital Human Modeling. Applications in Health, Safety, Ergonomics and Risk Management: Ergonomics and Health. LNCS: 9184-9185, Springer International Publishing, USA.
  6. Karmakar, S., Pal, M. S., Majumdar, Deepti. and Majumdar, D., 2012. Application of Digital Human Modeling and Simulation for Vision Analysis of Pilots in a Jet Aircraft: A Case Study. Work. IOS Press, 41 Suppl. 1, 3412-3418.
  7. Karmakar, S., Sanjog, J. and Patel, T., 2014. Digital Human Modeling and Simulation in Product and Workplace Design: Indian Scenario. International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA), Special issue. Pp. 06-12.
  8. Patel, T., Sanjog, J., Chowdhury, A., and Karmakar, S., 2013. Applications of DHM in Agricultural Engineering:  A Review. Advanced Engineering Forum, 10, 16-21.
  9. Sundin, A. and örtengren, R., 2006. Digital human modeling for CAE applications. In: G. Salvendy, eds. Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics. 3rd ed. 1053-1078.
  10. Sanjog, J., Karmakar, S., Patel, T. and Chowdhury, A., 2015. Towards virtual ergonomics: aviation and aerospace. Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology: An International Journal, Vol. 87 (3), 266 – 273.
  11. Sanjog, J., Patnaik, B., Patel, T. and Karmakar, S., 2016. Context specific design interventions in blending workstation: An ergonomics perspective. Journal of Industrial and Production Engineering, 33(1), 32-50.

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