Review of basic concepts – systems, surroundings, processes, properties (extensive/intensive), components (single/multi), phases (G/L/S), ideality, zeroth, first, second laws and their consequences (T, U, S).

The thermodynamic functions H, A and G, concept of chemical potential, equations for a closed system, Maxwell’s relations, thermodynamic analysis of processes – lost work, irreversibility, thoughts on Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics in the context of Biological Processes and Systems.

Module 3: Thermodynamic properties of pure fluids

Review of ideal gas, non-ideal gas, PVT behaviour, virial and cubic equations of state, generalized correlations, residual properties, estimation of thermodynamic properties using equations of state.

Module 4: Thermodynamics of solutions

Partial molar properties, fugacity, ideal and non-ideal solutions, excess properties of mixtures, activity coefficient, Gibbs-Duhem equation

Module 5: Phase Equilibria

Phase rule, criteria for phase equilibria, VLE for pure component, VLE for multi-component system

Module 6: Reaction Equilibria

Equilibrium criteria for homogenous reactions, evaluation of equilibrium constant, effect of temperature and pressure on equilibrium constant, calculation of equilibrium conversion and yields for single and multiple reactions.

Topic

No. of hours

Module 1: Review

Review of basic concepts – systems, surroundings, processes, properties (extensive/intensive), components (single/multi), phases (G/L/S), ideality, zeroth, first, second laws and their consequences (T, U, S).

The thermodynamic functions H, A and G, concept of chemical potential, equations for a closed system, Maxwell’s relations, thermodynamic analysis of processes – lost work, irreversibility, thoughts on Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics in the context of Biological Processes and Systems.

7

Module 3: Thermodynamic properties of pure fluids

Review of ideal gas, non-ideal gas, PVT behaviour, virial and cubic equations of state, generalized correlations, residual properties, estimation of thermodynamic properties using equations of state.

8

Module 4: Thermodynamics of solutions

Partial molar properties, fugacity, ideal and non-ideal solutions, excess properties of mixtures, activity coefficient, Gibbs-Duhem equation

9

Module 5: Phase Equilibria

Phase rule, criteria for phase equilibria, VLE for pure component, VLE for multi-component system

9

Module 6: Reaction Equilibria

Equilibrium criteria for homogenous reactions, evaluation of equilibrium constant, effect of temperature and pressure on equilibrium constant, calculation of equilibrium conversion and yields for single and multiple reactions.

6

Total

40

High school Physics.

Chemistry.

Calculus.

Smith JM, Van Ness HC and Abbot MM. 2001. Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, 6th Edition, McGraw Hill.

Sandler SI. 1989.Chemical and Engineering Thermodynamics, John Wiley.

Callen H. 1985. Thermodynamics and Introduction to Thermistics, 2nd Edition, Wiley.

Denbigh K. 1955. The Principles of Chemical Equilibrium with Applications in Chemistry and Chemical Engineering. Cambridge University Press.

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