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This course introduces to the basic biology of proteins and gel-based proteomics. To obtain better understanding of cellular processes & regulation, there has been an increasing interest in studying proteomics. Proteomics techniques aim to look into the protein properties from a global perspective, i.e., not undertaking one protein at a time, but an entire set of proteins in the milieu. These proteomic techniques typically aim to elucidate the expression, interaction, and cellular function of proteins.

The course will provide the basic understanding of amino acids and proteins. It would also provide detailed information on gel-based proteomic techniques such as SDS-PAGE and 2-DE. Some of the limitation of 2-DE has been overcome by advanced Difference gel electrophoresis (DIGE) technique, which will be discussed in this course. Protein identification using MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry will also be discussed. 2-DE in combination with mass spectrometry has become very powerful tool for proteomics applications and students can learn these tools by attending this course.

Week No.



Basics of amino acids and proteins
L1. Introduction to amino acids
L2. Introduction to proteins
L3. Protein folding & misfolding
L4. Protein purification techniques
L5. Introduction to proteomics


Gel-based proteomics and Sample Preparation
L6. Systems biology and proteomics
L7. Introduction to gel-based proteomics
L8. Sample preparation for gel-based proteomics
L9. Sample preparation for gel-based proteomics (contd.)
L10. One-dimensional electrophoresis


Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE)
L11. 2-DE (Rehydration & IEF)
L12. 2-DE (Second dimension, staining & destaining)
L13. 2-DE (Gel analysis)
L14. 2-DE applications
L15. 2-DE: challenges & troubleshooting


Difference gel electrophoresis (DIGE) & Mass Spectrometry
L16. 2D-DIGE: basics
L17. 2D-DIGE: data analysis
L18. 2D-DIGE: applications
L19. MALDI-TOF/TOF: basics
L20. MALDI-TOF/TOF: data analysis

The target audiences of this course are required to have a basic biology and biochemistry background.

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