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Graphs and functions, Derivative of a function, Techniques of differentiation Differentiation and its application in Biology, Finding maxima, minima, Plotting functions, Integrals, Techniques of Integration

Scalars and vectors. Force, Concentration gradient, Polar coordinates

Differential equations, Nernst Equation, Diffusion Equation, Mean-square displacement, Einstein’s relation

Probability and Statistics: Mean and variance, Distribution functions: Normal Distribution, Uniform distribution, Poisson distributions, Knudson’s analysis, Wright-Fisher model, Fitting a function to experimental data

Fourier Series, Fourier transform, Z-transform, Discussion of the use of Fourier transformation in X-ray crystallography, and other areas in biology.

Modeling biological problems: Statistical thermodynamics,
Flexible proteins--size and conformations, Polymerization dynamics, Molecular motor motion, Bending and looping of DNA, Protein organization along DNA

 Module Topics Module- I: Calculus Lecture 1:  Introduction Keywords:  Mathematics as a language, Need of learning mathematics, Applications of mathematics in BIology Lecture 2:  Graphs and functions - I Keywords: Linear function, Quadratic function, Exponential function Lecture 3: Graphs and functions - II Keywords: Periodic functions, Combination of simple functions, Examples from Biology Lecture 4: Functions and derivatives Keywords: Logarithmic function, Slope of curves, Idea of derivative Lecture 5: Calculation of  derivatives Keywords: Derivatives of simple functions, Derivative of exponential function, Derivative of sum of two functions Lecture 6: Differentiation and its application in Biology - I Keywords: Product rule in differentiation, Derivatives of Sine and Cosine functions, Plotting derivatives, Differential calculus to understand actin polymerization Lecture 7 : Differentiation and its application in Biology - II Keywords: Enthalpy and Entropy of a chemical reaction, Growth curve, Idea of curvature Lecture 8 : Differentiation and its application in Biology - III Keywords: Curvature, Free energy, Energy of spring-like protein, Maxima and Minima of a function Lecture 9: Differentiation and its application in Biology - IV Keywords: Force and energy, DNA unzipping, Plotting mathematical functions Lecture 10: Integration -I Keywords: Indefinite integrals, integration of simple functions, Integral as “anti-derivative” Lecture 11: Integration - II Keywords: Definite integrals, Integral as area under a curve, Integration by parts, Finding derivative and integral given a set of data points Module: II: Differential Equations Lecture: 12: Differential equations-I Keywords: Simple differential equations, First order differential equations, Examples: Polymerizing and depolymerizing filaments, Cell growth Lecture : 13: Differential equations - II Keywords: Concentration gradient, Second order differential equations. Motion of an object under external force : Newton’s equations Module III: Vectors Lecture 14: Vectors - I Keywords: Physical quantities like position and force as  vectors, Attracting and repelling charges, Vector addition Lecture 15: Vectors - II Keywords: Calculation of forces in a system of charges, Calculation of magnitude and direction of a vector, Unit vectors, Calculation of resultant force Lecture 16: Vectors - III Keywords: Dot product and cross product, Polar coordinate system, Gradient of a scalar Module IV: Applications of calculus and vector algebra in biology Lecture 17:  Nernst equation Keywords: Potential difference across a membrane, Flow of ions due to diffusion, Flow of  ions due to electrostatic interactions Lecture 18: Diffusion-I : Diffusion equation Keywords: Continuity equation, Diffusion equation, Mean-square position Lecture 19: Diffusion - II: Mean-square displacement Keywords: Mean-square displacement, Derivation of mean-square displacement, Mean-square distance scaling with time, Diffusion timescale Lecture 20: Diffusion-III : Einstein’s relation Keywords: Mean displacement, Diffusion coefficient, Einstein's relation, Diffusion under external field Module V: Probability and statistics in Biology Lecture 21 : Statistics : Mean and variance Keywords: Introduction to statistics, Mean/Average, Variance, Standard deviation Lecture 22: Statistics: Distribution function Keywords: Introduction to distribution functions, Normal distribution, Examples from biology: End-to-end vector distribution of DNA, Concentration distribution Lecture 23 : Understanding Normal distribution Keywords: Gaussian function, Peak as average of normal distribution, Width of a Gaussian and standard deviation Lecture 24: Fitting a function to experimental data Keywords: Linear fit, Least-square fit, Errors Lecture 25 :  Size of a flexible protein: Simplest model Keywords: Flexible protein chain,  End-to-end distance, End-to-end distance scaling with polymer length, Random walk, Normal distribution, Exponential distribution Lecture 26: Uniform and Poisson distributions; Knudson’s analysis Keywords: Uniform distribution, Poisson distribution, Knudson’s analysis of retinoblastoma patients, Poisson statistics and tumor Module VI : Fourier series and Fourier transform Lecture 27: Fourier Series-I Keywords: Introduction to Fourier series, Fourier coefficients, Calculation of Fourier series for simple functions, Sum of periodic functions Lecture 28: Fourier Series-II Keywords: Fourier coefficients with more examples, Calculation of Fourier series for square-wave-like function, Learning Fourier series by plotting functions Lecture 29: Fourier transform Keywords: Introduction to Fourier transform, Fourier space, Inverse Fourier transform, Application of Fourier transform: X-ray crystallography,  structure studies of proteins, Z-transform Module VII: Mathematical models in biology Lecture 30: Master equation: Polymerization dynamics, Molecular motor motion Keywords: Simple model for polymerization depolymerization dynamics, Simple model for molecular motor motion, Biased walk, Growth velocity of polymerizing filaments, Master equation, Solving master equation Lecture 31: Evolution: Simplest model Keywords: Wright-Fisher model, Simplest model in population genetics/evolution, Binomial distribution, Evolution Module VIII: Tutorials Lecture 32: Tutorial - I Keywords: Microtubule dynamics, Dynamic instability,  application of functions and derivatives, Enzyme kinetics Lecture 33: Tutorial-II Keywords: Vectors, Pulling chromosome, Diffusion coefficient, Integral of a Gaussian function Module IX : Statistical thermodynamics of biological systems Lecture 34: Temperature, Energy and Entropy Keywords: Definition of temperature, Definition of internal energy, Definition of entropy, Calculation of entropy, entropy of a flexible protein Lecture 35: Partition function, Free energy Keywords: Definitions, Calculation of partition function, Calculation of Free energy, Thermal Equilibrium, Bending of  DNA Lecture 36: Bending fluctuations of DNA and spring-like proteins Keywords: Worm-like chain model, Partition function, Gibbs free energy Lecture 37: Force-extension and looping of DNA Keywords: Force extension relation of single stranded DNA, Persistence length, Looping of DNA, Lecture 38: Thermodynamics of protein organization along DNA Keywords: Proteins binding on DNA, Calculation of energy, entropy and free energy, Thought-experiment on DNA melting Lecture 39: Learning mathematics with the help of a computer Keywords: Plotting functions using computer, gnuplot demonstration, numerical calculations, Interpolation
• Mathematics for Biological Scientists, M. Aitken, B. Broadhursts, S. Haldky, Garland Science (2009)
• Introduction to Mathematics for Life Scientists, E. Batschelet, Springer Verlag, 3rd edition (2003)
• Calculus for Life Sciences, R. De Sapio, W. H. Freeman and Co. (1976)
• Physical Biology of the Cell, R Phillips, J Kondev, J. Theriot, Garland Science (2009)
• Random Walks in Biology, H. C. Berg, Princeton university press (1993)

1. Biological Physics, Philip Nelson, W. H. Freeman, 1st edition (2007)
2. Mechanics of Motor Proteins and the Cytoskeleton, J. Howard, Sinauer Associates; New edition (2001)
3. Calculus and Analytic Geometry, Georege Thomas, Ross Finney Addison Wesley, 9 edition (1995)

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