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This course will cover classical thermodynamics and kinetics developed to explain a variety of macroscopic physico-chemical phenomena with applications in Chemistry. This course is designed as an introductory level course to the broad area of thermodynamics and kinetics and the lectures will be pitched at the level of undergraduates (both freshman and sophomore level).

Week

Topics

1.

Review of states of matter, Equations of state for ideal and real gases, Heat† capacities at constant volume and pressure. Introduction to Thermodynamics, Laws of†† thermodynamics, Zeroth law.

2.

†First law, Concept of work and heat, Work done in reversible and irreversible processes.

3.

Concept of enthalpy, Jouleís experiment and Joule-Thompson experiment, Thermochemistry.

4.

Second law, Concept of entropy, Carnot cycle, Clausius inequality, Concept of maximum work.

5.

Gibbs and Helmholtz free energies, Maxwellís relations, Chemical potential, Gibbs-Helmholtz equation, Gibbs-Duhem equation.

6.

Phase equilibrium, Clapeyron equation and Clausius-Clapeyron equation,Phase rule, Phase diagrams of one and two-component systems.

7.

Thermodynamics of mixtures, Partial Molar Properties, Ideal, Ideal-dilute and† Real Solutions, Colligative properties.

8.

Chemical equilibrium, Equilibrium constant, vanít Hoff equation, Le Chatelier's principle.

9.

Equilibrium electrochemistry, Types of electrochemical cells, Standard† electrode potential, Nernst equation, Liquid junction potential.

10.

Introduction to chemical kinetics, rate laws for elementary reactions of† different orders, competing reactions.

11.

Mechanisms of composite reactions, steady state and rate determining step approximations, homogeneous (acid-base catalysis and enzyme catalysis) and heterogeneous catalysis (Langmuir adsorption isotherm).

12.

Temperature dependence of rate constant, Introduction to gas-phase chemical reaction dynamics, Maxwell-Boltzman distribution of molecular speeds and its application in collision theory, Unimolecular reactions.

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1) D. A. McQuarrie, J. D. Simon, Physical Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, 1st Ed, University Science Books, California (1997).
2) P. W. Atkins, J de Paula, Physical Chemistry, 8th Ed, Oxford University Press, New Delhi (2006).
3) I. N. Levine, Physical Chemistry, 6th Ed, Mcgraw Hill Education (2011).

 


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