Chemical, biological and physical processes are at the root of Environmental Engineering. A critical understanding of each process is required for an Environmental Engineer to be able to critically analyze a relevant problem. The current course on chemical processes, will enable a student of this course to: Apply equilibrium equations and material balance equations to calculate conditions in environmental systems at equilibrium using the concept of components. Use chemical equilibrium programs such as VMINTEQ to calculate conditions in environmental systems at equilibrium. Apply kinetic equations, stoichiometric relationships and material balances to calculate conditions in environmental systems in which reactions occur that are not at equilibrium. Apply fundamental aspects of thermodynamics to describe equilibrium conditions in environmental systems. Define equilibrium and kinetic limitations as relating to environmental systems and be able to discuss the relative importance of each for chemical processes in environmental systems. Demonstrate knowledge of important terminology for chemical processes occurring in environmental systems.