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Course Co-ordinated by IIT Kanpur
Coordinators
 
Dr.T.N.Balasubramanian (Rtd.), Instructor Incharge
Tamil Nadu Agriculture University

 
Dr. R. Nagarajan, Co Faculty
Tamil Nadu Agriculture University

 

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Week

Topics

1

  1. Basic aspect of atmosphere, climate, weather
    • Definition on atmosphere – role of atmosphere on the earth – layers of atmosphere – content of atmosphere – definition of weather and climateexamples for types of weather and climate.
  2. Basic aspect of rainfall and their application in crop production
    • Rainfall theory – different process – rainfall classification based on the intensity – effective rainfall on crop production.
  3. Basic aspect of temperature and their application in crop production
    • Cardinal temperature – hot wave – cold wave – enzyme activity in plant
  4. Basic aspects of relative humidity, cloud cover and their application in crop production
    • Types of humidity – humidity and crop production – humidity and pest and disease – cloud cover classification and crop production
  5. Basic aspects wind, wind direction and their application in crop production
    • Wind speed and units – wind speed and cyclone – wind direction identification and their crop production.

2

  1. Three weather codes and crop production
    • Normal weather and crop production; Sub normal weather and crop production; and abnormal weather and crop production.
  2. Crop production risks and their management
    • Inherited risk– transferable risk– risk reduction through technology– definition and management aspects.
    • Drought– floods– extreme rainfall– hot waves– cold waves – thunderstorm– cyclone– pest and disease outbreak– abnormal wind speed under normal weather conditions– fog and mist.
  3. Crop weather interactions and definition
    • Response of crops to different weather elements
  4. Weather sensitive crops, stages and farm operations
    • List of weather sensitive crops– weather sensitive stages and weather sensitive farm operations
    • Basic aspects of crop weather relationships­ weather sensitive crops­ weather sensitive crop stages­ weather sensitive farm operations
  5. Wheat, rice, maize and weather
    • Role of rainfall, temperature, wind and other important weather elements on wheat, rice, maize crop production.

3

  1. Sorghum, groundnut, pigeon pea and weather
    • Role of rainfall, temperature, wind and other important weather elements on sorghum, groundnut, pigeon pea crop production.
  2. Cotton, sugarcane and weather
    • Role of rainfall, temperature, wind and other important weather elements on cotton and sugarcane crop production.
  3. Sugarbeet, chickpea and weather
    • Role of rainfall, temperature, wind and other important weather elements on sugarbeet and chickpea crop production.
  4. Sunflower, mustard and weather
    • Role of rainfall, temperature, wind and other important weather elements on sunflower and mustard crop production.
  5. Genesis of weather forecast in India and abroad
    • History of weather service and development over years in India and abroad

4

  1. Types of weather forecast and details
    • Present resolutions of weather forecast considering the administrative divisions – Now cast– source of release– lead time– accuracy– clients; short range forecast– – source of release– lead time– accuracy– clients; medium range forecast– source of release– lead time– accuracy– clients
  2. Types of weather forecast and details –contd.
    • Long range forecast– source of release– lead time– accuracy– clients; seasonal climate forecast– source of release– lead time– accuracy– clients; Integrated weather forecast and its usefulness to clients.
  3. Simple methods of verification of weather forecast with real event
    • HK score, HSS score, ratio score or HIT score, correlation, RMSE
  4. Traditional knowledge on weather forecast and their validity
    • Prevailing traditional knowledge on rainfall under short, medium and long range scale– their validity with real event–
  5. Weather thumb rules and their validity
    • using developed thumb rules under prevailing weather parameters for carrying out farm operations to reduce the risks

5

  1. Inviting questions from 1a to 4e
    • Presentation of selected question and answer
  2. Development and component of agro advisory for weather forecast
    • Suitability of different weather forecast for the preparation of agro advisories– Agro advisory number and date, summary of the past week weather– summary of present five days weather forecast–
  3. Development and component of agro advisory for weather forecast – contd.
    • Source of information for the collection of crop stages– pest and disease load for the preparation of agro advisory – developing agro advisories.
    • Crop stages and pest and disease role– agro advisory
  4. Model agro advisories for selected five days weather forecast
    • Presenting prepared agro advisory for Indian condition
  5. Mass communication mode of agro advisories and their effectiveness
    • News papers– radios– television– mobile SMS– hosting in the website– social networking– climate manager / monsoon manager at village level –empowering village level climate managers / monsoon manager to mass communicate weather forecast and its related advisories– inviting questions for next lesson for discussion.

6

  1. Discussion on weather forecast and agro advisory from different website
    • Website of IMD– Website of SAUs – Website of skymet– International weather website
  2. Role of climate manager on farm management decision based on weather forecast at village level and assignment
    • Who is climate managerrequired characteristics of climate managerhis responsibility for weather forecast and agro advisory collection and mass communication at the village level
  3. Development of selected weather window for issuing agro advisory case study from Tamil Nadu
    • Selection of weather parameters for studying permutation and combination studyselection of weather windows for operational purpose.
  4. Model of agro advisory for 54 selected weather window of Tamil Nadu for rice
    • Presentation of 54 selected weather window
  5. Response farming–a type of farm planning being practiced in Australia considering seasonal climate forecast
    • Definitionand its role in Australian farm activities

7

  1. Case study in India on the adoption of weather based crop production crop management
    • Medium range weather forecast/ Seasonal climate forecast/ Case study on crop production
  2. Case study in India on the adoption of weather based crop production on pest and disease management
    • Medium range weather forecast/ Seasonal climate forecast/ Case study on pest and disease management
  3. Case study in India on the adoption of weather based animal production
    • Medium range weather forecast/ Seasonal climate forecast/ Case study on animal milk production and poultry feed management
  4. Cost benefit analysis for the case study done on crop management
    • Partial budgeting definition –actual exercise for crop management
  5. Cost benefit analysis for the case study done on animal management
    • Partial budgeting definition actual exercise for animal management

Week

Topic

Speaker

 

Introduction to the Course

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Week1

Basic knowledge on Meteorological Weather Elements

 

Lect­1

Basic aspects of atmosphere, climate, weather

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Lect­2

Basic aspects of Rainfall and their application in crop production

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Lect­3

Basic aspects of Temperature and their application in crop production

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Lect­4

Basic aspects of Relative humidity, Cloud cover and their application in crop production

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Lect­5

Basic aspects of wind, wind direction and their application in crop production

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Week2

Crop and Weather I

 

Lect­1

Three weather codes and crop production

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Lect­2

Crop production risks and their management

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Lect­3

Weather sensitive crops, stages and farm operations

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Lect­4

Crop­weather interactions and definition

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Lect­5

Crop­Weather Interactions: Wheat, Rice and Maize

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Week3

Crop and Weather II

 

Lect­1 Crop­Weather Interactions: Sorghum , Groundnut and Pigeon pea

Dr. R. Nagrajan

Lect­2 Crop­Weather Interactions: Cotton and Sugarcane

Dr. R. Nagrajan

Lect­3 Crop­Weather Interactions: Sugarbeet and Chickpea

Dr. R. Nagrajan

Lect­4 Crop­Weather Interactions: Sunflower and Mustard

Dr. R. Nagrajan

Lect­5 Genesis of weather forecast in India and Abroad

Dr. R. Nagrajan

Week4 Weather Forecast  
Lect­1 Types of weather forecast and details

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Lect­2 Types of weather forecast and details­contd.

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Lect­3 Simple methods of verification of weather forecast with real event

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Lect­4 Traditional knowledges on weather forecast and their validity

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Lect­5 Weather thumb rules and their validity

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Week5 Weather Forecast and Advisories I 0  
Lect­1 Development and component of agro advisory for weather forecast

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Lect­2 Development and component of agro advisory for weather forecast­ contd.

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Lect­3 Model agro advisories for selected five days weather forecast

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Lect­4 Mass communication mode of agro advisories and their effectiveness

Dr. R. Nagrajan

Lect­5 Inviting questions from W1,LI to W4,L5

Dr. R. Nagrajan

Week6 Weather Forecast and Advisories II  
Lect­1 Discussion on weather forecast and agro advisory from different website

Dr. R. Nagrajan

Lect­2 Role of climate manager on farm management decision based on weather forecast at village level and assignment

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Lect­3 Development of selected weather window for issuing agro advisory ­ case study from Tamil Nadu

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Lect­4 Model of agro advisory for 54 selected weather window of Tamil Nadu for rice

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Lect­5 Response farming­ a type of farm planning being practiced in Australia considering seasonal climate forecast

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Week7 Case Studies  
Lect­1 Case study in India on the adoption of weather based crop production ­ Crop management

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Lect­2 Case study in India on the adoption of weather based crop production ­ Pest and disease management

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Lect­3 Case study in India on the adoption of weather based animal production

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Lect­4 Cost benefit analysis for the case study done on crop management

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Lect­5 Cost benefit analysis for the case study done on animal management

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Week8 Summary

Dr. TN Balasubramanian

Lect­2 Summary of the lessons learned and way forward

Dr. TN Balasubramanian


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