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Course Co-ordinated by IIT Roorkee
Coordinators
 
Dr. S. Ray
IIT Roorkee

 
Dr. Prita Pant
IIT Bombay

 

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This is a course for undergraduates dealing with the mechanical behaviour of metals, ceramics, polymers and composites. As we work on scaling things down to nano-scales or try to come up with multi-functional materials, they must hold together physically to be useful. So this course focuses on the origins of stresses and strains in materials and the resulting deformation/fracture response.

Contents
Introduction to deformation behaviour: Concept of stresses and strains, engineering stresses and strains, Different types of loading and temperature encountered in applications, Tensile Test - stress-strain response for metal, ceramic and polymer, elastic region, yield point, plastic deformation, necking and fracture, Bonding and Material Behaviour, theoretical estimates of yield strength in metals and ceramics.

Elasticity Theory: The State of Stress and strain, stress and strain tensor, tensor transformation, principal stress and strain, elastic stress-strain relation, anisotropy, elastic behaviour of metals, ceramics and polymers.

Yielding and Plastic Deformation: Hydrostatic and Deviatoric stress, Octahedral stress, yield criteria and yield surface, texture and distortion of yield surface, Limitation of engineering strain at large deformation, true stress and true strain, effective stress, effective strain, flow rules, strain hardening, Ramberg-Osgood equation, stress -strain relation in plasticity, plastic deformation of metals and polymers

Microscopic view of plastic deformation: crystals and defects, classification of defects, thermodynamics of defects, geometry of dislocations, slip and glide, dislocation generation - Frank Read and grain boundary sources, stress and strain field around dislocations, force on dislocation - self-stress, dislocation interactions, partial dislocations, twinning, dislocation movement and strain rate, deformation behavior of single crystal, critical resolved shear stress (CRSS), deformation of poly-crystals - Hall-Petch and other hardening mechanisms, grain size effect - source limited plasticity, Hall-Petch breakdown, dislocations in ceramics and glasses.

Fracture: fracture in ceramics, polymers and metals, different types of fractures in metals, fracture mechanics - Linear fracture mechanics -KIC, elasto-plastic fracture mechanics - JIC, Measurement and ASTM standards, Design based on fracture mechanics, effect of environment, effect of microstructure on KIC and JIC, application of fracture mechanics in the design of metals, ceramics and polymers

Deformation under cyclic load - Fatigue: S-N curves, Low and high cycle fatigue, Life cycle prediction, Fatigue in metals, ceramics and polymers

Deformation at High temperature: Time dependent deformation - creep, different stages of creep, creep and stress rupture, creep mechanisms and creep mechanism maps, creep under multi-axial loading, microstructural aspects of creep and design of creep resistant alloys, high temperature deformation of ceramics and polymers

 

Sl. No

Topic

Number of Hours

1.

Introduction to deformation behaviour: Concept of stresses and strains, engineering stresses and strains, Different types of loading and temperature encountered in applications, Tensile Test - stress - strain response for metal, ceramic and polymer, elastic region, yield point, plastic deformation, necking and fracture, Bonding and Material Behaviour, theoretical estimates of yield strength in metals and ceramics.

5

2.

Elasticity Theory: The State of Stress and strain, stress and strain tensor, tensor transformation, principal stress and strain, elastic stress-strain relation, anisotropy, elastic behaviour of metals, ceramics and polymers.

4

3.

Yielding and Plastic Deformation: Hydrostatic and Deviatoric stress, Octahedral stress, yield criteria and yield surface, texture and distortion of yield surface, Limitation of engineering strain at large deformation, true stress and true strain, effective stress, effective strain, flow rules, strain hardening, Ramberg-Osgood equation, stress - strain relation in plasticity, plastic deformation of metals and polymers

8

4.

Microscopic view of plastic deformation: crystals and defects, classification of defects, thermodynamics of defects, geometry of dislocations, slip and glide, dislocation generation - Frank Read and grain boundary sources, stress and strain field around dislocations, force on dislocation - self-stress, dislocation interactions, partial dislocations, twinning, dislocation movement and strain rate, deformation behavior of single crystal, critical resolved shear stress (CRSS), deformation of poly-crystals - Hall-Petch and other hardening mechanisms, grain size effect - source limited plasticity, Hall-Petch breakdown, dislocations in ceramics and glasses.

8

5.

Fracture: fracture in ceramics, polymers and metals, different types of fractures in metals, fracture mechanics - Linear fracture mechanics -KIC, elasto-plastic fracture mechanics - JIC, Measurement and ASTM standards, Design based on fracture mechanics, effect of environment, effect of microstructure on KIC and JIC, application of fracture mechanics in the design of metals, ceramics and polymers.

5

6.

Deformation under cyclic load - Fatigue: S-N curves, Low and high cycle fatigue, Life cycle prediction, Fatigue in metals, ceramics and polymers.

2

7.

Deformation at High temperature: Time dependent deformation - creep, different stages of creep, creep and stress rupture, creep mechanisms and creep mechanism maps, creep under multi-axial loading, microstructural aspects of creep and design of creep resistant alloys, high temperature deformation of ceramics and polymers.

6

Structure of Materials


  1. G.E. Dieter, "Mechanical Metallurgy", McGraw-Hill, 1986.

  2. R.W. Hertzberg, "Deformation and Fracture Mechanics of Engineering Materials", John Wiley and Sons, 1976.


  1. J. Roesler, H. Harders, and M. Baeker, "Mechanical Behaviour of Engineering Materials: Metals, Ceramics, Polymers, and Composites", Springer-Verlag, 2007.

  2. W.K. Liu, E.G. Karpov, H.S. Park, "Nano Mechanics and Materials", John Wiley and Sons Pvt. Ltd, 2006.

  3. Thomas H. Courtney, "Mechanical Behavior of Materials", McGraw-Hill, 1990.



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