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Course Co-ordinated by IIT Madras
Prof. Parasuraman S
IIT Madras


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It is a first course at the under graduate level on microstructural characterization of materials. This course will cover the basic principles and techniques of optical and scanning electron microscopy along with demonstrations on the instrument details and imaging experiments through videos. This course also deals with the sample preparation techniques for the microstructural analysis with practical examples through videos.   




Introduction, Energy bands in solids, Semiconductors band gap formation


Problem set on week #1 and Intrinsic semiconductors.


Extrinsic semiconductors, Fermi level variations, and conductivity.


Problem set on week #3. Metal-semiconductor junctions and Introduction to pn junctions


pn junctions under bias, Junction breakdown, and Heterojunctions. Problem set on week#4 and 5.


 Transistors, Types of transistors, MOSFETs, Problem set on week#6.


Optoelectronic devices – Introduction. LEDs and Lasers.


Photo detectors and solar cells. Problem set on opto electronic devices, week #7 and 8.

Preferably completed Physics of Materials or Solid state physics course but not required.

  1. Principles of Electronic Materials and Devices, S.O. Kasap, 3rd edition, McGraw-Hill Education (India) Pvt. Ltd., 2007.
  2. Semiconductor devices: Physics and Technology, S.M. Sze, 2nd edition, Wiley, 2008.
  3. Solid State Electronic Devices, B.G. Streetman and S. Banerjee, 6th edition, PHI Learning, 2009.
  4. Introduction to solid state physics, C. Kittel, 8th edition, Wiley, 2012.

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