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Course Co-ordinated by IIT Madras
Coordinators
 
Prof. Rajesh Kumar
IIT Madras

 

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This course offers a view of human language as a rule governed system. It will show how language is learnt and how human mind stores structure of language. This course will introduce components of linguistics theory in generative framework. Some broad topics that will be covered in this course include: Introduction to language and linguistics as a scientific domain of systematic investigation into language at the levels of sounds, words, and sentences. Nature of learning language from generative perspective; Biological Foundation of Language; Generative Foundation of Language Acquisition; Language Acquisition Device; Universal Grammar; Structure of Language around Sounds, Words, and Sentences;  Constraints on Word Formation; Introduction to phonotactic constraints on word formation; Order of Words in Sentence (Subject-Object-Verb); X-bar Theory (Specifiers vs. Complements, Arguments vs. Adjuncts); Theta-Theory; Theta Role Assignment; Case Theory (Abstract, Inherent, and Morphological Case, Exceptional Case Marking, Nominative-Accusative vs. Ergative-Absolutive patterns); Raising Movement (A-Movement); Movement in Passives; A-bar-Movement (Wh-Movement, Constraints on A-bar Movements; Binding Theory (Conditions A, B, and C, Role of Structural Relationships such as C-command, Locality, Binding Domains); Constraints on Movement

 

Lecture Number

Lecture Topic

1

Introduction of the Course

2

What is linguistics? What is Language?

3

Language and Arbitrariness, Language and Dialect

4

E vs I Language, Language as a rule governed system

5

Language Faculty, Language in Human Mind

6

How do we learn language?

7

Language Acquisition

8

Innateness: Some Essential Concepts

9

Structure of Language at the Level of Sounds

10

Sounds (Vocal Apparatus)

11

Places and Manners of Articulation

12

Word Formation/Phonotactic Rules

13

Rules of Word Formation (Singular-Plural)

14

Sentence: An Introduction

15

Making of a Sentence (Components)

16

Grammaticality and Acceptability

17

Subject and Verb in a Sentence

18

Sentence: Objects and Verbs

19

Phrase Structure

20

X-Bar Theory

21

Specifier and Complement

22

Complements and Adjuncts

23

VP Componenets

24

Categorial Selections, Selectional Restrictions on verbs

25

Thematic Relations

26

Case

27

Morphological and Abstract Case

28

Structural Case

29

Exceptional Case Marking

30

Movement

31

Motivations for Movement

32

Questions and Movement

   32B

Guest Lecture: Generative Grammar (Professor B. N. Patnaik)

33

Passives and NP Movement

 34

NP Movement and Raising

  35

Binding Theory and NP Interpretations

  36

Principles of Binding Theory

  37

Constraints on Movements

  38

Structure of Language in Theoretical Descriptions

  39

Negation

  40

Structure and Pragmatics

  1. Culicover, Peter W. Natural Language Syntax, New York: Oxford University Press, 2009
  2. Haegeman, L. Introduction to Government and Binding Theory, Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 1994

  1. Carnie, A. Syntax: A Generative Introduction, London: Blackwell Publishing Co., 2007.
  2. Cook, V. J. and Mark Newson, Chomsky's Universal Grammar: An Introduction, Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell,1996
  3. Newmeyer, F. J. Generative Linguistics: A Historical Perspective, New York: Routledge,1996


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