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Prof. T. Pal
IIT Kharagpur


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Environmental Chemistry: Atmosphere; Pollution (air, water and soil), Fertilizers & Pesticide (classification) and health effect; Photochemistry; Analytical instruments

Module No.




Atmospheric composition and principles of contaminant behavior

  1. The atmosphere of Earth;

  2. Contaminant behavior in the environment;

  3. Green house effect - Global temperature-Acid rain and - Ozone layer depletion



Contaminants and their natural pathways of degradation and their abatement

  1. Major pollutants of the environment and their stability in air, water body and soil;

  2. Sources sulfur dioxide & sulfur cycle, hydrogen sulfide and nitrogen oxides;

  3. Halocarbons;

  4. Refrigerants



Photochemical Reactions in the Environment

  1. Photochemical reactions and smog forming reactions in the atmosphere;

  2. Mechanisms of smog formation;

  3. Volatile organic compounds.



Water Pollution

  1. Possible reasons of ground and subsurface water contamination;

  2. Biochemical and Chemical oxygen demand;

  3. Water (surface and ground) quality;

  4. Domestic and industrial wastes



Fertilizers and Pesticides

  1. Classification of pesticides and their stability;

  2. Pesticides and their usage for green revolution, their consequence and health effects



Soil Pollution

  1. Soil profiles (including flora & fauna);

  2. Acid-base and ion exchange reactions in soils;

  3. Anti-knock compounds in the atmosphere;

  4. Heavy metal pollution;

  5. Radio active wastes;

  6. Sound pollution;

  7. Ethics and law



Chemical Analysis

  1. Nature and importance of chemical analysis;

  2. Instrumental methods of chemical analysis relating to the environmental samples


  1. Manahan, Stanley E. Fundamentals of Environmental Chemistry Boca Raton: CRC Press LLC,2001

  2. Sonja Krause, Herbert M. Clark, James P. Ferris, Robert L. Strong Chemistry of the Environment, Elsevier Science & Technology Books 2002

  3. Eugene R. Weiner Applications of Environmental Chemistry 2000 CRC Press, LLC

  4. By Clair N. Sawyer, Perry L. McCarty, Gene F. Parkin Chemistry for environmental engineering and science (5th edition) McGrawHill Professional

J. Jeffrey Peirce, P. Aarne Vesilind, Ruth F. Weiner Environmental Pollution and Control, 4th ed.Elsevier Science & Technology Books 1997

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