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Course Co-ordinated by IIT Bombay
Coordinators
 
Dr. Sandip Roy
IIT Bombay

 

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Acknowledgement
 
The subject to of Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics is seminal to the discipline of Chemical Engineering. Indeed it is one of the mainstays of the ultimate objective of chemical engineering education: design of chemical process plants. This web-book has been composed primarily with the purpose of presenting the principles of chemical engineering thermodynamics to undergraduate students and imparting a sense of the centrality of the subject in the body of chemical engineering knowledge. As with any other book, the present one has been a result of unqualified support of many. Firstly, I would like to thank the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Govt. of India for bringing to fruition the idea of on-line education resources in the form of the National Program on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL). This will no doubt provide a fillip to a broad-based access to information and knowledge, and so help uplift the quality of education in the country, and hopefully, outside of it. The generous support provided by MHRD to faculty contributors has had a decisive influence on whatever success the project has achieved to date. The steering, central body of the NPTEL also needs to be thanked for conceptualizing an effective framework for enabling e-learning. The support provided by the NPTEL personnel at the local level needs special mention. In particular, I would like to thank Ms. Sangeeta Srivastava and Ms. Nisha Arun Thakur of the NPTEL IIT Bombay office, for tirelessly shoring up my effort of creating the web-version of this book. Had it not been for their exemplary patience in the face of my inefficiencies, it would have been impossible to complete the task in time. The contribution of Shri Sudhir Thakur who has helped create the soft copy of several portions of the manuscript, also has been critical to the effort of realizing this book; while several of my students have assisted me by editing problem sets and adding to them. Lastly, I would like to thank my wife Sanchita for proving to be a font of constant encouragement and, most prominently, relieving me of the quotidian chores of family life during the course of my work. My daughter Rupangi also did her bit through her playfulness, which helped retain my enthusiasm. (Sandip Roy)

Untitled Document
 

  The present course aims to introduce the principles of Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics and illustrate their application to design of chemical process plants. The content comprises the fundamental laws of thermodynamics, the estimation of volumetric and key thermodynamic properties of real fluids and mixtures, solution thermodynamics, phase and chemical reaction equilibria. In addition, select special applications of the principles of phase and reaction equilibria are also illustrated. These include liquid-liquid equlibria, vapour-liquid-liquid equlibria, solid-liquid, and solid-vapour equilibria.

 

S.No

Topics

No. of Hours

1

Introductory Concepts of Thermodynamic Systems and variables, Work, Heat, Internal Energy, Thermodynamic Equilibrium, Reversible and Irreversible Processes; Phase-Rule; Significance of Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

3

2

Equations of State and Generalized Correlations for Prediction of Volumetric Properties of Fluids

4

3

First Law: Closed and Open Systems, Steady and Transient Flow Processes

4

4

Second law and Entropy; Entropy Balance and Availability, Isentropic Efficiency

4

5

Maxwell Relations and Fluid Properties Estimation, Application to Flow Processes

6

6

Single Phase Mixtures and Solutions; Ideal Solutions; Partial molar quantities; Gibbs-Duhem Equation; Criteria for Thermodynamic Equilibrium; Phase Equilibrium Criteria, Non-ideal Solutions; Residual and Excess Properties; Fugacity and Activity Coefficient models

7

7

Pure Component Phase Equilibria, Vapour-Liquid Equilibria (VLE),  Raoult's Law and Modified Raoult’s Law; High-Pressure VLE; Henry's law

7

8

Chemical Reaction Equilibrium: Homogeneous and Heterogeneous reactions; Multi-reaction Equilibria

 

9

Liquid-Liquid Equilibria

2

10

Solid – Liquid Equilibria

1.5

11

Solid – Vapour Equilibria

1.5

TOTAL

40

 

  1. J.M. Smith, H.C. Van Ness and M.M. Abbott, Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, 6th ed., McGraw-Hill, 2001.
  2. S.I. Sandler, Chemical, Biochemical and Engineering Thermodynamics, 4th Edition, Wiley India, 2006.
  3. J.M. Prausnitz, R.N. Lichtenthaler and E.G. Azevedo, Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid-Phase Equilibria, 3rd ed., Prentice Hall, 1998.
  4. J.W. Tester and M. Modell, Thermodynamics and its Applications, 3rd ed., Prentice Hall, 1999.
  5. R.C. Reid, J.M. Prausnitz and B.E. Poling, Properties of Gases and Liquids, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill, 1987.
  6. R. Balzheiser, M. Samuels, and J. Eliassen, Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, Prentice Hall, 1972.


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