In this course an attempt is made to standardize the course material and to emphasize on the fundamental mechanics of machining process using analytical approach. The changing of raw material into a final product involves various machining and finishing processes. In the last decade, a lot of development has taken place in the area of non-traditional machining and many non-traditional machining processes have become very popular in industries. However, the importance of traditional machining processes like turning, milling, shaping, drilling, and grinding still continues. The course is developed with a view to disseminate knowledge in the area of traditional machining processes. Also, newer technology like CNC is included. This course aims at bringing the students up-to-date with the latest technological developments and research trends in the field of conventional machining processes.