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Coordinators:
Dr. B.S. Thandaveswara
Department of Civil Engineering , IIT Madras.
email:
thand12345@yahoo.co.in
phone:
9894868380
Prof. B.S. Murty
Department of Civil Engineering , IIT Madras.
email:
bsm@iitm.ac.in
phone:
(91-44) 2257 4262
Syllabus:
PDF
Module
Topics
Unit 1
Free Surface Flows - Introduction
Historical Development of Hydraulics
History of Hydraulics in India
Classification of Flow
Animations
Video Link
Video Link for Turbulent Flow
Video Link Hydraulic Jump
Tides
Vortex
Rotational Flow
Irrotational Flow
Unit 2
Channels and their Geometric Properties
Examples
Pipe Flow and Free Surface Flow
Unit 3
Continuity Equation
Energy in Free Surface Flow
Basic Momentum Equation
Unit 4
Velocity Measurement and Distribution
Discharge Measurement by Velocity-area Method
Radio-active tracer technique for Measurement of River Discharges
Measurement of Flow of Water and the Limitations of Velocity-area Method
Errors in Depth Measurement in High Velocity Flows
Unit 5
Secondary Current and Spiral Flow
Unit 6
Energy and Momentum Coefficients-Derivation
Energy and Momentum Coefficients for Different Velocity Distributions
Energy vs. Momentum Equation
Unit 7
Pressure Distribution
Unit 8
Specific Energy Equations for Rectangular Channels
Application of Specific Energy
Problems
Unit 9
Specific Force
Transition-Problems
Application of Specific Force and Specific Energy
Transition in Field
Unit 10
Characteristics of Critical Flow
Occurrence of Critical Flow
Unit 11
Critical Depth in Trapezoidal & Circular Channels
Hydraulic Exponent for Critical Flow
Problem
Unit 12
Critical Flow Depth Computations
Problems
Unit 13
Measuring Flumes
Critical Depth Flumes
Unit 14
Weir's-Introduction
Types of Control Structures
Proportional Weirs
Flow Over Weirs
Polygonal weirs
Special types of weirs
Broad Crested weirs
Types of Broad Crested Weirs
Bear Trap weir
Unit 15
Flow below a Sluice Gate
Brink Depth
Modern Measurements of Flow Measurements
Outlets and Modules
Errors in Measurement
International Standards for Flow Measurement in Open Channel
Unit 16
Concept of Uniform Flow
Derivation of Uniform Flow Equations
Resistance in Open Channel Hydraulics
History of Uniform Flow Velocity and Resistance Factor
Unit 17
Friction
Ganguillet and Kutter Formula
Conveyance
Section Factor for Uniform Flow Computation
Unit 18
Hydraulic Exponent for Uniform Flow Computation
Maximum Discharge
Classification of Bed slope
Computations
Unit 19
Problems-Maximum Discharge
Problem-Irregular Channel
Solution of algebraic or Transcendental Equation by Bisection Method
Solution of Manning Equation by Newton Raphson Method
Unit 20
Slope Area Method
Normal and Critical Slopes
Unit 21
Design of Canals
Typical Canal Cross Sections
Unit 22
Canal Lining
Seepage Prevention with Impermeable membranes
Failure of Canal Lining
Most Efficient Hydraulic Section
Design of Unlined Channels
Examples and Problems
Unit 23
Introduction
Dynamic Equation for Steady Gradually Varied Flow
Classification of Gradually Varied Flow Profiles
Unit 24
Real Life Cases of Water Surface Profiles
Sketching of Composite Water Surface Profiles
Examples
Unit 25
Computation of Gradually Varied Flow
Example
Unit 26
Standard Step Method
Example
Unit 27
Integration of Differential Equation
Improved Euler Method
Fourth Order R-K Method
HEC-2
Unit 28
Normal Hydraulic Jumps
Classification of Jumps
Momentum Equation
General Hydraulic Jump
Animations
Video Link for Normal Hydraulic Jump
Unit 29
Energy Loss in the Jump
Turbulent Characteristics of the Jump
Pressure Distribution in the Jump
Velocity Distribution in Hydraulic Jump
Length of the Jump
Unit 30
Air Entrainment Characteristics of the Jump
Pre Entrained Hydraulic Jump
Air Concentration Distribution along the Jump
Decay of Turbulence Downstream from a Stilling Basin
Unit 31
Hydraulic Jumps in Sloping Channels
Unit 32
Sequent Depth Tail Water Relationship Stilling Basin
Baffle Stilling Basin
Bhavani Type Stilling Basin
Stilling Basin in Sudden Expansion
Slotted Bucket Stilling Basin
Unit 33
Spillways -1
Unit 34
Siphon Spillways/Morning Glory Spillways
Unit 35
Chute Spillway
Stepped Spillway
Unit 36
Introduction
Classification of River Bends
Transverse Water Surface Slope in Bends
Superrelevation
Velocity Distribution in Bends
Unit 37
Introduction
Basic Terminology
Classification of Waves
Ocean Waves
Tides
Nature of Waves
Unit 38
Surge Computation
Example 1
Example 2
Unit 39
Gradually Varied Unsteady Flow
Celerity
Unit 40
Method Of Characteristics
Method of Specified Intervals
Unit 41
Dambreak Problem
History of Dam Failures
Causes of Dam Failures
Routing
Case Study-Dam Break Analysis for Kali River
Unit 42
Self Aerated Flow-Definition of Terms and Instrumentation
Characteristics of Self Aerated Flows
Unit 43
Measurement in Self Aerated Flows
Experimental Investigation
Bhakra Dam Spillway–A Case Study
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